Even smaller than Super-16, the 2/3” sensors in the cameras used for live sports, mean it’s actually possible to build a lens like the Fujinon XA101x8.9BESM/PF that can go as wide as 8.9mm and as long as 900mm (1800mm with its built-in doubler engaged!) For example an ultra wide-angle lens like a 16mm fisheye lens (made to cover Full Frame sensors) will have a 180° horizontal field of view. The sensor size of mobile camera phones is variable in size but a 1/2.55″ sensor (used by the iPhone 11) is on the larger end of the spectrum.. 1-inch camera sensors are the next size up and are used in most compact cameras. So as amazing and beautiful as the Leica Thalia lenses are on an Alexa 65, they might not be the best choice for projects using smaller sensors. The only difference is each lens’ image circle and therefore how much of the room you are able to see. On the flip side, when using larger formats, you are using longer focal lengths to achieve the same field of view, which means a more natural perspective that more closely resembles the field of view of our own eye-sight. Make sure you understand the different types of cameras and types of lenses and how those factors combine with your camera's sensor size. These three 25mm lenses were designed to cover different sensor sizes, but because they were all designed to at least cover a Super-16 sized sensor, they give us virtually identical shots. A Full Frame digital sensor like the ones found in a Canon 5D, Sony a7S III or the Sony Venice, as well as traditional 35mm still photography film, all have areas that measure roughly 36x24mm. A super telephoto lens like a 500mm will have a very narrow field of view of only 5° on a Full Frame camera, and you would only see a small piece of the wall directly across from you. The cost to design and manufacture such a lens would make the resulting lens so expensive, no buyer outside of NASA could afford to own it. Original article created by the online rental marketplace ShareGrid: https://s.sharegrid.com/YkBA5POriginal article featured on ShareGrid’s Blog: blog.sharegrid.com And written by Mark LaFleur: https://www.mjlcinema.com/. Therefore this method of discussing a lens’ coverage could in theory make sense for RED cameras of that time, but it couldn’t be applied to other cameras from other manufacturers. As you can see, the magnification of the scene is the same. Not every manufacturer makes this information easily accessible, especially with older lenses, so research or testing is needed to verify if a lens can completely cover certain sensors. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. For smaller, compact cameras they're given in fractions of an inch (1/N inch format). What’s the style of the project? The diameter of the image circle is measured in mm. Therefore a 25…is a 25…is a 25. These are literally measurements of the physical size of film used to capture the images (in this article, I won’t dive into exactly how the film is measured and what direction it passes in front of the camera). However it’s important to know the differences as well as what results should be expected before selecting your sensor size and lenses. For instance a 50mm lens on a Full Frame camera will give you a field of view of about 46°, but on the smaller sensor of an APS-C camera, the same 50mm lens will give you a 31° field of view, showing you less of the world. When shooting on Super-35, to get a shot with the same field of view and depth of field, you’d need a lens that was roughly 13.5mm and T1.8. The camera never moved (always 4′ 6″ from her eyes to the sensor) and the T-stop stayed at T4 for all three lenses. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. If a lens was designed for Super-35 and APS-C (which are very close in size), it will successfully cover the sensors of Super-35, APS-C as well as smaller sensors like Micro Four Thirds and Super-16. If you happen to own Super-16 prime lenses you will be able to use them for Super-16 film and similarly sized sensors, and any format smaller than that (8mm film, 2/3”, or on many of the “cropped sensor” formats available on cameras like the ARRI Amira, Canon C300 MKII, Sony F5, F55, FS7, Panasonic Varicam LT and pretty much any RED camera). So depending on the look you’re going for and the size of the sensor you are using, the Thalia 24mm T3.6 may leave you looking for wider focal lengths with faster T-stops. To find the equivalent focal length to give you the same field of view when using the smaller sensor of Nikon DX cameras, you use a crop factor of 1.5x. The last thing you want is to choose the wrong equipment, which leaves you fighting with your gear instead of doing your job. There are many formats to choose from. “Crop Factor” is really just another mathematical way of explaining changes in “Field of View” caused by using cameras with different sensor sizes. We simply crop the circular image into rectangular shapes with various aspect ratios. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. For digital sensors, according to international standards, it’s accepted to use the term “Number of Recorded Pixels” or “Number of Effective Pixels.” This is the number of individual pixels on a given sensor that contribute to the final image. With all these options at our fingertips, it means we have so many creative possibilities. There are also a lot of companies rehousing lenses, giving filmmakers the opportunity to use lenses that were not originally designed for motion picture use. Do you need a physically small camera and lenses? Photography and Camera News, Reviews, and Inspiration. There is also practicality to think about. The increasing number of sensor sizes and lens options, has made things more complicated than ever especially with all the lens adapters available and cameras with interchangeable lens mounts. With so many options it can be overwhelming when gearing up for a project. Foregrounds and backgrounds appear more out of focus relative to the subject, which separates the subject from the background, and gives the image an overall more three-dimensional feel. It would also be very difficult to actually design and build. For the remainder of this article this format will be referred to as “Full Frame.” In the chart below the red rectangles represent the relative physical size of many common cameras and formats. A lens’ image circle determines what sensors it can cover. A particular lens will give different fields of view if it’s used with cameras with differing sensor size. For example an 18mm lens that could cover the Alexa 65’s sensor and was T1.3 would be absolutely gigantic. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Since Ks are a measure of pixel count not the physical size of an image sensor, using Ks in this way is problematic. This theoretical prime lens would probably weigh 20 pounds and have the diameter of a volleyball. New lenses seem to be released monthly. In the examples below, you can see how three 25mm lenses designed for different formats, shot on a camera with a Super-16mm sized sensor, at the same T-stop will produce images that have the same field of view, the same magnification, and the same depth of field. There are more tools than ever available to filmmakers, and it’s up to you to figure out which ones are the best for your project. That same 50mm lens has a narrower field of view of about 30.67° on the smaller DX sensor. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The iPhone 7 Plus’s main camera includes 1/3-inch sensor, which is slightly smaller than the 1/2.5-inch sensor (7.1 x 5.7 mm) found in the Samsung Galaxy S7. Do you want more or less depth of field? I say “roughly” since a common “4K” resolution is actually 3840 x 2160 pixels, and there are multiple pixel counts that are accepted as “4K.” In still photography digital cameras, pixel count is often measured in “megapixels.” One megapixel = 1 million pixels. You also need to know which lenses are compatible with which cameras and formats. This lens was orginally designed to cover Super-16mm film. Sensor size is the physical size (area, not number of pixels) of a camera’s image sensor, usually measured in mm width x height. On a camera with a 2/3” sensor you would need a 20mm lens to give you the same field of view. Since you need wider and wider focal lengths to get a wider field of view on smaller formats, the resulting images tend to feel flatter or more compressed.

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