The origin of Chinese Civilization is dated back to the Paleolithic Age when Homo Erectus lived in the area more than a million years ago. Today, many aspects of Chinese life can be tied to honoring one’s parents or ancestors. Peking duck and dim-sum are other popular dishes well know outside of China. For example, various marriage customs  are found among different minority groups. Chinese culture is one of the world’s oldest cultures, tracing back to thousands of years ago. Then came the Neolithic Age which came around 10,000 BC and carries an evidence of the proto-Chinese millet agriculture, and even settlement along the famous Yangtze River is said to be around 8,000 years old. The people of ancient China were free from external influence. Fkx���%��>��ax]���A The “Eight Cuisines” of China are Anhui, Cantonese, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, and Zhejiang cuisines. Chinese Family-Family has been a key component in society for thousands of years in China. Folk or popular religion, the most widespread system of beliefs and practices has evolved and adapted since at least Shang and Zhou dynasties. It was a way of living practiced by the Chinese … An introduction to ancient China. Shang dynasty (c. 1600-1050 B.C.E.) U\,�ꪸ����{�9�>����4)���1�*ڪ-�&�U�U�Mq}Sԝ�0��O����է�ⷪ8>]�������pu��|����8�?�������W�[[ںց���� Q ����-���h}jm}�'p����e��q�=��ޔjF�6X݄? Its philosophy is based on Yinyangism,(the combination of Five Phases theory with Yin-Yang theory) which was later absorbed by Daoism. Chinese jade: an introduction. For example, Jiangsu cuisine favours cooking techniques such as braising and stewing, while Sichuan cuisine employs baking. Many young workers have been drawn to bigger cities in the more prosperous regions in China to find better jobs with higher salaries. The ancient Chinese history is commonly divided into three periods according to its ruling dynasties: Unification of China in 221 BC under the First Emperor Qin Shi Huang marked the beginning of the period of Imperial China which lasted until the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912 AD. between the human body and the environment. Therapy is based on which “pattern of disharmony” can be identified. stream Required fields are marked *. Introduction to Chinese Civilization Analects of Confucius, from the Mogao Caves in Dunhuang, China COURSE DESCRIPTION The primary purpose of this course is to provide an introduction to the history, social-political developments, religious and cultural practices of China. However, as they reaches 30 years old they face increasing pressure from their parents to marry and move back to their hometown. The characteristics of this civilisation have been discussed below: Art of Writing: The people of China developed their own system of writing. This is the currently selected item. Chinese Culture-a short introduction November 29, 2019. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Your email address will not be published. It is a practice majorly used in the period between the 5th and 6th Century BC. Various groups of the Miao minority, for example, speak different dialects of the Hmong-Mie languages, Tai-Kadai languages, and Chinese, and practice a variety of different cultural customs. CA, 91748. One archaeological site at Shanxi Province is dated back to some 1.27 million years. The term Confucianism is a system of living inseminated and disciplined by a philosopher known as Confucius (Oldstone-Moore 294). Your email address will not be published. Indus Valley Civilization and Vedic Period. #�U�S�~���B�p�0H�E31���'�. Important components of Chinese culture includes ceramics, architecture, music, literature, martial arts, cuisine, visual arts, philosophy and religion. Introduction to the Chinese Traditional Civilization Course Code: PTSS170001 Course Title: Introduction to the Chinese Traditional Civilization Credit: 2 Instructor Name: Deng Jie E-Mail: dengjie@fudan.edu.cn Course description: This course is designed to portray some … ?���w �2� Working jade. Today Traditional Chinese medicine is widely used in China and is becoming increasingly prevalent in Europe and North America. There are no clear boundaries between these intertwined religious systems, which don’t claim to be exclusive, and elements of each enrich popular or folk religion. Many parents and grandparents now still expect their children/grandchildren to do as they are told. Hairy crab is a highly sought-after local delicacy in Shanghai, as it can be found in lakes within the region. 4 0 obj Practice: Jade Cong (quiz) Next lesson. Emergence of ancient Chinese civilization was greatly influenced by changes in agriculture and introduction of irrigation which is traditionally dated to 2100 BC although the Chinese settled in the Yellow River (Huang He) valley and cultivated crops much earlier. Even within one ethnic group, there are probably diverse groups of people. Emergence of ancient Chinese civilization was greatly influenced by changes in agriculture and introduction of irrigation which is traditionally dated to 2100 BC although the Chinese settled in the Yellow River (Huang He) valley and cultivated crops much earlier. Chinese culture is one of the world’s oldest cultures, tracing back to thousands of years ago. Recent surveys estimated that some 80% of Han Chinese practice some kind of Chinese folk religion and Taoism; 10-16% are Buddhists; 3-4% are Christians; and 1-2% are Muslims. In general, disease is perceived as a disharmony or imbalance in the functions or interactions of yin, yang, meridians etc. Important components of Chinese culture includes ceramics, architecture, music, literature, martial arts, cuisine, visual arts, philosophy and religion. Chinese Medicine-Traditional Chinese medicine is built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practices that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage, exercise and dietary therapy. 1661 Hanover Road, Suite 218, City of Industry Bottle with mouth in the shape of a mushroom. During the period fundamental elements of a theology and spiritual explanation for the nature of the universe emerged. The history of the Chinese is a story of the gradual settlement of large valleys and Chinese River Plains, and of the expansion and development of its people in their own part of Asia and beyond, on the continent and in the Islands next to the coast.Between 100,000 and 500,000 years ago, according to recent estimates, a pre-human species called the hominid appeared in Northern China. %PDF-1.3 The main sources I have used for the history of ancient China are: Hucker, C.O., China’s Imperial Past, Stanford, 1975 – the most informative of the books I have used, and very readable. Basically, it consists in allegiance to the “shen”, a character that signifies a variety of gods and immortals, who can be deities of the natural environment of ancestral principles of human groups, concepts of civility, cultural heroes, many of whom feature in Chinese mythology and history. Jade cong and bi. Ritual implements (cong and bi) Jade Cong. There is actually a museum that features marriage customs of ethnic groups-Guizhou Museum of Marriage Customs. %��������� Many ethnic groups, though merge into Han identity, have maintained distinct linguistic and regional cultural traditions. Religion-Confucianism and Taoism, later joined by Buddhism, constitute the “three teachings” that historically have shaped Chinese culture. Now many Chinese families face challenges and contradictions to the old way of life that threaten its traditional stability. ;��� Chinese Civilization and It’s Characteristics! In … x�]�r�Hr}���/͈Y�۾�ja�ޱF�Ƅc�Eʹ�5���/����U���J�pL�j�$���r�Rտ?�}aUY��RE�ۢ�Mٴ��m�c����U�|)*�ߗ|�*������e����n��_���{�u}_|{}� Books. Chinese family structure has traditionally been rigid and hierarchical. Typically each minority group has their own costumes, festivals and customs. Because of the focus on family, it is common for Chinese, even when fully grown with children of their own, to have many living generations of a family living under the same roof.

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