These bacteria can adhere to various types of instruments, including medical equipment. Cholera. If not treated in time, the infection can be fatal. Symptoms include a high fever, coughing, and difficulty breathing. Few of them like plague and cholera spread as epidemics and can wipe out human population if uncontrolled. If infected, the person has to be treated rigorously. It is caused by Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza etc. But there are many beneficial bacteria which are helpful to our life. Healthy individuals with properly functioning immune systems, and who practice good wound care hygiene are at low risk for developing the disease. Bacteria aid in food digestion, nutrient absorption, vitamin production, and protect against other harmful microbes. Sex organs: Syphilis is caused by Treponema palladium bacteria another sexually transmitted diseases. The interesting concept is, the stomach region is highly acidic due to secretion of hydrochloric acid. For adults and adolescents, Neisseria meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the most common causes of the disease. The blight of paddy, citrus canker, angular leaf spot in cotton, Tumors in plants, rot in vegetables etc. Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. Diseases caused by bacteria are responsible for many deaths in the world since many centuries. Some of them infect seasonally like in rainy or winters seasons. Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection most often caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria. S. pneumoniae typically reside in the respiratory tract and don't normally cause infection in healthy individuals. Symptoms: Inflammation, itching Scars, loss of appendages of hands, etc. Other symptoms include neck stiffness and high fever. Bacteria cause disease by secreting or excreting toxins (as in botulism), by producing toxins internally, which are released when the bacteria disintegrate (as in typhoid), or by inducing sensitivity to their antigenic properties (as in tuberculosis). Bacteria are fascinating organisms. It is very hard to cure this disease. These substances are responsible for the symptoms that occur with bacteria related diseases. Streptococcus pneumoniae are cocci shaped bacteria. While others attack due to contamination from one person to another. Symptoms:  Fever, weakness, vomiting etc. In more severe cases, antibiotics may be used to help the person recover. S. pneumoniae can also cause ear infections, sinus infections, and meningitis. It is very important that the antibiotics start as soon as possible after infection to help reduce the risk of death. It mostly infects the lungs, bones, abdomen and also the brain. Cholera: An epidemic infection caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholera. In the early 21st century, tuberculosis, which is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis—several strains of which had developed resistance to one or more drugs widely used to treat the infection—was among the deadliest infectious diseases worldwide. Urinary tract: Nephritis, prostatitis is an inflammation of nephrons and prostate gland respectively. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics have all decreased the mortality rates from bacterial infections, though antibiotic-resistant strains have caused a resurgence in some illnesses. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Cholera was a severe epidemic which caused devastating loss to human life in many parts of the world. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Diseases, Disorders, and More: A Medical Quiz. In newborns, the most common causes of bacterial meningitis are Group B Streptococcus, Escherichia coli, and Listeria monocytogenes. Based on the above list, it appears that bacteria are extremely harmful to us. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites can all cause meningitis. Bacteria that cause disease are called pathogenic bacteria, and they do so by producing poisonous substances called endotoxins and exotoxins. Causes: Lack of safe drinking water and sanitation. Bacterial disease, any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. Like cholera, dysentery is typically treated by hydration. Treatment can be long, lasting from six months to a year, depending on the severity of the infection. Antibiotics are used to treat tuberculosis. Tuberculosis can be deadly without proper treatment. This is a serious infection that can lead to brain damage and even death. Causes: It is caused by unprotective sex with those who have this infection. It mostly infects the lungs, bones, abdomen and also the brain. Plague: A contagious bacterial infection caused due to bacteria Yersinia pestis. Other types of bacteria that can also cause necrotizing fasciitis include Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella, and Clostridium. Unlike those diseases caused by microorganisms like fungi and protozoa these bacterial infections are deadly. It can also be treated with antibiotics based on severity. Face– Acne or pimples are caused by Propionibacterium acnes. Tuberculosis: One of the most long-standing and widely distributed bacterial disease in human history. Causative agent: Bacillus anthracis. It is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and mostly infects bones, lungs, brain, and the abdomen. Symptoms: Fever, headache, weakness, swelling of lymph nodes, etc. It is very hard to cure this disease. MRSA is most commonly acquired as a result of hospital stays. A meningococcal vaccine can help prevent it for those who are most at risk of developing this disease. A variety of these do not cause any infections and are known as “good bacteria”. Typhoid: An infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. Bacterial meningitis can be caused by a number of bacteria. Causes: The bacteria is spread by sneezing droplets and air. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a264d3a4120ca7323e2d5897526122f0" );document.getElementById("i8ac51a948").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It occurs in both males and females. Tuberculosis is one of the most common and widely distributed bacteria diseases in the human population. But the microbe can be latent in humans and can produce disease when the immune system is compromised. This heart disease is risky as the infection spreads from the throat to the heart or from any other place. Omissions? People develop this type of infection most commonly by the entrance of bacteria into the body through a cut or other open wound in the skin. Pneumonia: It is an infection of lungs caused by Streptococcus Pneumonia. Dysentery symptoms can range from mild to severe. Necrotizing fasciitis is not typically spread from person to person and occurrences are random. The bacteria that cause diseases in human are called “harmful bacteria”. Dysentery is also spread by individuals who do not wash their hands after using the toilet. Severe symptoms include bloody diarrhea, high fever, and pain. It is caused by the bacteria namely Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Similar to cholera, it is spread by contaminated food and water. Leprosy: It is a granulomatous infection caused by mycobacteria leprae. The disease is spread through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or even talks. Currently this disease is almost non-existent but still, cases are reported in the areas with unsafe drinking water. If needed, most pneumonia has a high probability of cure with antibiotic treatment. The common symptoms like fever, weakness are observed by the host. Symptoms: Difficult breathing, cough, and fever. It is caused by the bacteria namely Mycobacterium tuberculosis. But there is also a bacteria namely Helicobacter pyroli at the site of the ulcer. Here you find the list of diseases in a tabular form and also details of some important ones. Symptoms: Burning sensation during urination, Yellow or white discharge, bleeding, swelling of testicles, etc. Anthrax. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Cholera is a food-borne disease typically spread by food and water contaminated with Vibrio cholerae. It is caused mostly due to contaminated water and outside food. Heart: Endocarditis- an inflammation of the lining of the heart caused by Staphylococcus aureus, streptococci, and Pseudomonas species. Isolation to help prevent the spread of an active infection is also typical of treating this disease. S. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. And in plants they cause huge loses to farmers. MRSA is typically spread through physical contact and must breach the skin—through a cut, for example—to cause an infection. Find out what you know about diseases, disorders, and more. Eyes: Conjunctivitis is an eye infection leading to soreness of eyes. Brain: Meningitis is an infection of brain meninges (covering layers). Regina Bailey is a board-certified registered nurse, science writer and educator.

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