Two superb collections of sculpture are in the Bargello and the Museum of the Works of the Duomo. Other major players in the fashion industry such as Prada and Chanel have large offices and stores in Florence or its outskirts. There are several other theatres, such as the Saloncino Castinelli, the Teatro Puccini, the Teatro Verdi, the Teatro Goldoni and the Teatro Niccolini. The typically saltless Tuscan bread, obtained with natural levain frequently features in Florentine courses, especially in its soups, ribollita and pappa al pomodoro, or in the salad of bread and fresh vegetables called panzanella that is served in summer. ", "Italian hotspots struggling with 'too many tourists, "Florence seeks a better class of tourist to share its besieged medieval treasures", "Florence mayor aims to keep picnicking tourists at bay with hosepipes", "Florence is hosing down monuments to deter tourists", "The Power of the Past with Bill Moyers: Florence", "Uffizi Gallery Florence • Uffizi Museum • Ticket Reservation", "Palace of Bargello ( Bargello's Palace ), Florence Italy – ItalyGuides.it", "Inner court of Pitti Palace (Palazzo Pitti), Florence Italy – ItalyGuides.it", "Auxologia: Graziella Magherini: La Sindrome di Stendhal (book)", "Why Was Florence Considered Important For Culture And Arts? [88] Dante's masterpiece is the Divine Comedy, which mainly deals with the poet himself taking an allegoric and moral tour of Hell, Purgatory and finally Heaven, during which he meets numerous mythological or real characters of his age or before. The Boroughs have the power to advise the Mayor with nonbinding opinions on a large spectrum of topics (environment, construction, public health, local markets) and exercise the functions delegated to them by the City Council; in addition they are supplied with an autonomous founding in order to finance local activities. Trenitalia runs trains between the railway stations within the city, and to other destinations around Italy and Europe. The first American University for service personnel was established in June 1945 at the School of Aeronautics in Florence, Italy. [17] It was built in the style of an army camp with the main streets, the cardo and the decumanus, intersecting at the present Piazza della Repubblica. Tickets for The Uffizi and Accademia can be purchased online prior to visiting. [citation needed] A museum recording the destruction stands nearby today. Since 2017 Florence is also represented in Eccellenza, the top tier of rugby union league system in Italy, by I Medicei, which is a club established in 2015 by the merging of the senior squads of I Cavalieri (of Prato) and Firenze Rugby 1931. [50][51], Tourism is, by far, the most important of all industries and most of the Florentine economy relies on the money generated by international arrivals and students studying in the city. There are two other important stations: Campo di Marte and Rifredi. It is the only bridge in the city to have survived World War II intact. This large Romanesque crenellated fortress-palace overlooks the Piazza della Signoria with its copy of Michelangelo's David statue as well as the gallery of statues in the adjacent Loggia dei Lanzi. Florence was selected to host the 2013 UCI World Road Cycling Championships. From April to October, tourists outnumber local population. Several Italian cities were "larger on the musical map than their real-size for power suggested. In the 16th century, during the Renaissance, Florence was the home town of political writer and philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli, whose ideas on how rulers should govern the land, detailed in The Prince, spread across European courts and enjoyed enduring popularity for centuries. It begins at level 0. The other airport in the Tuscany region is the Galileo Galilei International Airport in Pisa. [84][85] Other sights include the medieval city hall, the Palazzo della Signoria (also known as the Palazzo Vecchio), the Archeological Museum, the Museum of the History of Science, the Garden of Archimedes, the Palazzo Davanzatti, the Stibbert Museum, St. Marks, the Medici Chapels, the Museum of the Works of Santa Croce, the Museum of the Cloister of Santa Maria Novella, the Zoological Museum ("La Specola"), the Bardini, and the Museo Horne. [90], Opera was invented in Florence in the late 16th century when Jacobo Peri's Dafne an opera in the style of monody, was premiered. The Stile Antico was more prevalent in Northern Europe and Stile Moderno was practiced more by the Italian Composers of the time. The centre additionally contains several streets. However, at the last moment Charles Steinhauslin, at the time consul of 26 countries in Florence, convinced the German general in Italy that the Ponte Vecchio was not to be destroyed due to its historical value.

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