The pic-ture of Grace Hopper in Chapter 3 is from the Computer History … The history of computer dated back to the period of scientific ... (2000). 0000001350 00000 n Shannon founded the base of the sub-field of information theory. ����[�_��l8� j�D!��C�]�v��F� *�J"�!�!KC��# This as you all know was an important milestone in Computer Science as it represented a new era of communication, and also demonstrated the practical nature of theories in Computer Science. Dijkstra also formulated the Dining philosophers problem. I believe that it is fundamental to have an overview of the history that later formed Computer Science. Boolean Logic is also the basis for digital logic and digital electronics. If you get a chance, please watch it! If you’d like to checkout some of my other projects — visit my portfolio! That’s the kind of guy Dijkstra was! Interestingly, Backus wrote an article on “Can Programming Be Liberated from the von Neumann Style? To solve that task, Dijkstra rediscovered and applied a version of the shortest sub-spanning tree algorithm (Prim’s algorithm). When he designed it was programmed by punch-cards, and the numeral system was decimal. 582 0 obj <> endobj Most logic within electronics now stands on top of his work. The courses are intended to be equivalent in content but have a broader appeal to those in di erent disciplines. x�b```f``������� �� @6�8�AA�`|}�����;M.�_+?�p�y��wW�x����#�O�f`�U��4�r �e � �m�ʽ>��#��3m^Wֺ�y�y:0A1����M ��F`� ��������yBށG�K���.�l�|P���y�Tv+����. (fun fact: he won the Turing Award in 2013! Pascal was a French Mathematician and at an early age he pioneered the field of calculating machines. • Computer is a machine that manipulates data according to a list of instructions. Russell proposed a solution that avoids Russell’s paradox by first creating a hierarchy of types, then assigning each mathematical entity to a type. 623 0 obj <>stream Ars magna influenced the development of a couple subfields within mathematics. �0Ew�B���ȱ�Jǜ�C�P|��JBB�P��}�|�"X4o�z/��S8����0 -;��n[��ע4}��GȄMG*)1��y����Lh�. 126 0 obj<>stream He formalized a lot of concepts in theoretical Computer Science with his work on the Turing Machine. Algorism is the technique of performing arithmetic with Hindu-Arabic numerals. (fun fact: the boolean data-type is named after him! TLDR; Neumann was just on another level with his work. Elements was instrumental in the development of logic & modern science. People know work of individuals such as Dijkstra. 0000010062 00000 n %%EOF The Apollo Guidance Computer image in Section 1.2.3 was released by NASA and is in the public domain. Project. Working with Charles Baggage on his Analytical Machine was Ada Lovelace. Al-Khwārizmī is considered to be the grandfather of Computer Science. He is the first one to develop the concept of the algorithm in Mathematics. In fact, calculation underlies many activities that are not normally thought of as mathematical. It was a process that started in the early 800s, and started to grow in the 1800s and the 1900s. (Why it is important, and here). ``e``�� Ā B,l@�1�E�EQ��D�(r��'BCL��e�:�N?&�ـ��K�Gk�X�b7�a���}��!�_"����I���0�Soc=�X�� �nи) CG\�u�A��h ���ɍ�4�Q�c�>8� ��x%�!�ƀ���X��)�+��al?�vGB�Mձ��N69���S���eY���#6�����@� First-order logic, Jacquard loom, Analytical Engine, Boolean algebra, and much more! ), Gottlob Frege defined Frege’s propositional calculus (first-order logic), and predicate calculus. 0000003624 00000 n 0000001226 00000 n But, he’s also important in the history of Computer Science. Donald Knuth is a pioneer in the field of analysis of algorithms. It is made publicly available in this format as collaboration between the Computer Society and the author, who retains all rights while allowing this public version. accounting. Alongside Peter Naur he also developed the Backus-Naur Form. Sorel Reisman, Computer Society 2011 President, originally suggested this project to the History … Science I (one intended for Computer Science majors, one for Computer Engineering majors, one for non-CE engineering majors, one for humanities majors, etc.). Apart from his research, he was a codebreaker at Bletchley Park during WW2, and was deeply interested in mathematical biology theory. 0000004200 00000 n I also did not go into much detail with every individual. He concentrated his work on efficiently and reliably transmitting and storing information. This was an important milestone in Mathematics, and in engineering. %PDF-1.6 %���� He also has a magnificent beard.). 109 0 obj <> endobj 0000000016 00000 n 0000000656 00000 n http://history-computer.com/ModernComputer/thinkers/Neumann.html, Can Programming Be Liberated from the von Neumann Style? 0000004744 00000 n <<48FED468FD369F43A782735E975F2DEB>]>> trailer Basically if you have not heard of it — I am very certain you have seen the model he came up: One of his biggest principles was the idea that data and program can be saved on the same space. John Backus was the inventor of the FORTRAN language with his team at IBM. He designed and the Von Neumann architecture. 0000005871 00000 n Please expand on things I have written through comments. Computer - Computer - History of computing: A computer might be described with deceptive simplicity as “an apparatus that performs routine calculations automatically.” Such a definition would owe its deceptiveness to a naive and narrow view of calculation as a strictly mathematical process. The xkcd relates to the paper Dijkstra wrote on how Go-to statements are considered harmful. The Backus-Naur Form is used to describe and depict programming languages. Next, ARMAC engineers wanted to cut the copper wire costs. The posts will go in more details of their accomplishments.

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