Juan was feeling sick. The imperfect tense has two primary uses: to describe on-going actions and states of being in the past, and to state habitual actions in the past. (I used to eat a lot more during that time. Regular forms of the imperfect are formed by adding the following endings to the stem of the verb: Only three verbs are irregular in the imperfect: Please send comments or report errors by clicking here. Not to worry though! The imperfect (imperfecto) is one of the two simple past tenses in Spanish. (Antonio was walking towards the park before the accident.). Mientras cocinabas, me fui a correr. Hace muchos años que visitaba el pueblo donde nací. You now know everything you need to know in order to master the Spanish imperfect tense. → We were going to see the movie but it was sold out. ), Ellos nunca jugaban en el parque. (You usually got better grades than me. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. ), Siempre comíamos helado los viernes. It was sunny and I was feeling very happy. Hace mucho tiempo que veíamos una película. The imperfect tense is used to talk about a past action or state of being without specifying when it began or ended. The preterit and imperfect are each used quite differently in narration. Actions which are not physical, that is feelings and mental actions, usually use the imperfect tense. Test yourself on imperfect conjugations: * Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless Spanish account to take this test. After so many years teaching Spanish, I can honestly say the imperfect is one of the easiest tenses in the Spanish language. Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. Apart from the most common uses, there are several idioms and expressions that utilize the Imperfect. It is used for ongoing or recurrent actions in the past. (María used to eat cookies every afternoon.) This guide will walk you through this difficult tense and unlock all the answers to your most pressing questions concerning the Imperfect. So, it is best to be familiar with these terms before taking on the Imperfect Tense Worksheet. Right after I say this, almost every student reacts in one of two different ways (and sometimes both). ), Juan solía sacar a su perro a pasear tres veces al día. ), María nunca llegaba tarde. © 2020 Lawless Spanish. The Spanish imperfect can also express repeated actions in the past – equivalent to "used to" in English. The Spanish imperfect tense (pretérito imperfecto de indicativo) is a past tense. Íbamos a ver la película pero se agotaron las entradas. (Wendy was tall and had blue eyes.) These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Learning Spanish becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. The imperfect is used to describe people, places, conditions or situations in the past. (Juan was singing a song while Ana was watering the plants.). (Grandma loved you very much.) These cookies do not store any personal information. I was reading a book. I used to walk every day. This means all verbs belonging to the second and third conjugations (ending in –er and -ir, respectively) will use -ía in all the imperfect tense verb conjugations. It is also used for descriptions, states of being, and for providing background information about the past. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free! Apart from these three, all Spanish verbs belong in the “regular verbs” group. Let’s add some times and times expressions! Did you know that Spanish has 10 different past tenses? A very important verb here is soler (tend to, used to), which is always followed by an infinitive. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Depending on the context, it works similarly to the English constructions used to and would, or even the past progressive tense. We have covered the imperfect tense conjugation, the regular and irregular verbs and the expressions associated with the Spanish imperfect tense. → It’s been awhile since we’ve seen a movie. See the subjunctive tenses for the conjugation and usage of the imperfect subjunctive. Ser uses the same endings as regular verbs but without the -ab-. One reason for the complexity is the Imperfect tense, as it’s used in Spanish, does not really exist in English. There are only three irregular verbs in the imperfect tense! Every time we learn a new Spanish tense, the first stop is always to divide the verbs into two main groups: the regular verbs and the irregular ones. But difficulty and niceties aside, the fact remains that Spanish has more ways of talking about the past than English, and today we are going to focus on one of them: the Spanish imperfect tense. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. It is used to describe habitual actions that have already been carried out in the past. (Download). (It was 3 a.m. when you came back). One of the trickiest tenses to learn in Spanish is the Imperfect (or el imperfecto).Although its conjugations are relatively straightforward, its use can be complicated. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! ), Pedro solía cantar muchas veces la misma canción. Hacía calor aquella tarde. But even though these verbs are irregular, they follow a certain pattern! Eran las 3 de la mañana cuando volviste. Think you’ve got it? → It’s been many years since I’ve visited the town where I was born. Uses of the imperfect. (The would never play in the park. (At that time, none of us had a computer. You can simply use the imperfect to make it clear that you are talking about an action in progress: Estaba leyendo un libro. (Juan used to take his dog for a walk three times a day.) The imperfect tense is also used to “set the stage” for an event that occurred in the past. It contrasts with the preterite tense, which expresses an action that took place at … Acabábamos de llegar. Hace meses que no trabajaba menos de 70 horas a la semana. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. → It was a warm afternoon. Please check your email for further instructions. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Spanish has three past tenses that can be considered the kings of the past party (the imperfect, the preterite and the pluscuamperfecto). Learn how to conjugate -ar, -er, -ir verbs in the imperfect indicative tense with Lingolia’s grammar rules. (We used to see each other frequently during summer. The imperfecto is relatively easy, because all regular and all but three irregular Spanish verbs are conjugated with the standard root (found by dropping the infinitive) plus the appropriate endings. → They were going to pick me up but their car broke down. (It was night and very windy. The imperfect and the preterite are the most frequently used among the past tenses—in fact, they are the most commonly used tenses in Spanish overall! The next list includes some of these expressions.

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