JECFA and the Scientific Committee on Food of the European Commission (SCF) established an ADI of 2.5 mg/kg bw for Sunset Yellow based on a 90-day rat study and a NOAEL of 250 mg/kg. Azo food colors are extensively metabolized by the gut microbiota to sulfanilic acid and aminopyrazolone after oral administration. It is used in treating bone metabolic diseases, dermatological disorders, respiratory illness etc. Ten years ago I identified it as the additive that triggered a very bad allergic reaction in me. They can be found in most of the products that are of the color red, yellow or orange. ���mJ* ���5���� �>����y�o���n��g%��Le�`:Rg�$Ch�¢l�_\z���]_Mx��&̽3�o�O� V�>j����c��M��@ӂ��|` .G���唺�����v#�͢��`L��c�[Mr ����b��f�݊ijT�bľe۴�}�h*�rZ��YS��D@��0C��i��60�f���פ�� ��i .o����f�Q H;�u{�X�U�9�����>�l ݐY�� ��T� T5�lЅ"v���bF��6��J�Z�OY�1��˚&��: ��b���i6-H�5o�g2@�i`�xX��^ڒ��DR$�v��H �M��&�z^�JVn�Ս�K8�I�.�:�-�H���1��kP�#.zк�N�l��~Q�r��h����^*�@Sv 9� �h]�ՖM��),[u����fr��ٕ)�O 15985; E110. In addition, Mathur et al. Allura Red AC can be found in crisps, biscuits, nonalcoholic flavored drinks, drinks, desserts and yogurts, sweets, ice creams, and jams. 6. For GSFA MPLs of Sunset Yellow (110), click here. H��W�s�6~�_���!oB Al�T�n�I�R��&�#і.�RR}�����%EY���x$����g�����~��&-��� \lS� Selected reproductive and neurobehavioral parameters were measured in mice given the color additive Sunset Yellow FCF in the diet. J. König, in Colour Additives for Foods and Beverages, 2015. trailer The additive was given at levels of 0 (control), 0.15, 0.30, and 0.60%, from five weeks of age in the F0 generation to nine weeks of age in the F1 generation. [12][15] The study found "a possible link between the consumption of these artificial colours and a sodium benzoate preservative and increased hyperactivity" in the children;[12][15] the advisory committee to the FSA that evaluated the study also determined that because of study limitations, the results could not be extrapolated to the general population, and further testing was recommended". She is still sick (and desperate) after 4 weeks and three lots of antibiotics. 51 Fed. Specific products include: If you have other examples of products that contain tartrazine, let me know by leaving a comment. 40 is the highest volume dye certified every year and is used in many products including beverages, gelatin, candy, and cake decorations. FD&C Yellow No. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 0000003319 00000 n 220-491-7 Sunset yellow FCF, also known as yellow dye #6, is used to give foods an orange-yellow colour. E-110: I.S. Moreover, these reactions occurred mostly when Sunset Yellow FCF was taken with mixtures of other synthetic colours. Orange B is another orange dye that is permitted for coloring frankfurters and sausages. It may also be converted to the corresponding aluminium lake, similar to the other azo-dyes, leading to an additional exposure to aluminium (JECFA, 2004). The drug FACTIVE worked fairly quickly,with the aid of Prednisone. After two days the dentist changed the prescription to Erythromycin in spite of being told that I believed the problem to be in the colouring, 5, and FD&C Yellow No. Historically named “coal-tar colors,” today they are synthesized from raw materials obtained from either coal or petroleum (Barrows et al., 2003). These nine color additives are chemically classified as azo, indigoid, pyrazolone, triphenylmethane, and xanthene dyes and are described further in Table 4.2. endstream endobj 29 0 obj[/ICCBased 30 0 R] endobj 30 0 obj<>stream Sunset Yellow FCF. [1]:465[9], It has been claimed since the late 1970s under the advocacy of Benjamin Feingold that Sunset Yellow FCF causes food intolerance and ADHD-like behavior in children but there is no scientific evidence to support these broad claims. 1 It is another azo dye, similar to tartrazine, and allura red. Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S, or FD+C Yellow No. Sunset Yellow FCF is used as an orange or yellowish-orange dye. E110 makes me feel more ill and nauseas. [1]:463–465 FD&C Yellow No. �V��)g�B�0�i�W��8#�8wթ��8_�٥ʨQ����Q�j@�&�A)/��g�>'K�� �t�;\�� ӥ$պF�ZUn����(4T�%)뫔�0C&�����Z��i���8��bx��E���B�;�����P���ӓ̹�A�om?�W= Sunset Yellow is often used in conjunction with E123, amaranth, to produce a brown colouring in both chocolates and caramel. No. N'��)�].�u�J�r� In the mid and upper dose males, swimming direction was affected as well as surface righting and negative geotaxis during the early lactation period was observed. Tomaska, in Encyclopedia of Food Safety, 2014. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. H���yTSw�oɞ����c [���5la�QIBH�ADED���2�mtFOE�.�c��}���0��8�׎�8G�Ng�����9�w���߽��� �'����0 �֠�J��b� By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, Food colour additives of synthetic origin, COLORANTS (COLOURANTS) | Properties and Determinants of Synthetic Pigments, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), During accelerated storage in model soft drink systems, tartrazine degrades very little. �L@l � ߁4#�0 �5� Why can’t the pill manufacturers stick to plain white tablets? Among the azo food dyes, Allura red AC, Azorubine, Brilliant Blue FCF, Sunset Yellow FCF and Tartrazine are the most commonly found in edible goods. 1 is bright blue. This fact would be restricted to specific sensitive individuals, and its clinical significance remains unclear. FD&C Red No. Sunset Yellow FCF Food Colors EINECS No. In the low and middle-dose groups (regardless of sex) but not the upper dose the body weight of the offspring during the lactation period was increased. It is used in sport drinks, dairy products, candy, cakes, and cake decorations. Sunset Yellow FCF is used in many different types of products, ranging from soft drinks to candies and snack foods.

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