At roughly 15:00 UTC that day, microwave imaging indicated that a primordial eye was developing within the intensifying tropical storm. [10] Ike's placement in an area with virtually no wind shear allowed for the hurricane to undergo explosive intensification despite unfavorable upper-level winds to its north,[14] reaching major hurricane strength six hours after its designation as a hurricane. And even though Galveston was under mandatory evacuation, NPR reported that at least 40 percent of residents didn’t follow the order. Seven people were killed in Cuba. As Associated Press report from before Ike made landfall notes that around 250 people refused to leave and the Texas attorney general’s office was even considering legal options to force people off the island. Many residents, some trapped by high water on the road at Rollover Pass and others elsewhere along Bolivar Peninsula were not rescued. Grocery store shelves in the Houston area were empty for weeks in the aftermath of the storm.[82]. [122] Development of these mental health problems was due to the lack of sufficient clean clothing, electricity, food, money, transportation, or water for at least one week. Hurricane Ike hit Turks and Caicos, Bahamas, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Cuba, many parts of the United States, as well as eastern Canada. It was later surpassed by Hurricane Irma almost exactly nine years later.[62]. The need for mental health services increased after the disaster especially for depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. 2012-02-20 16:12:01 2012-02-20 16:12:01. However, other estimates put the total number of deaths in Texas at 84. The peninsula bore the brunt of Ike's right-front quadrant, historically the worst part of a hurricane, and experienced catastrophic damage with the worst being between Rollover Pass and Gilchrist, Texas – west of High Island. It was closely following a slow-moving frontal system that had drenched the city the day before, dumping 75.2 millimeters (2.96 inches) of rain and breaking the old record of 39.1 mm (1.54 in) in 1979, according to Environment Canada. The island of Bolivar Peninsula was among the hardest-hit areas. All along southeast Texas. [138] The tanker's double hull prevented an oil spill at the site, 65 miles south of Galveston, which is 115 miles west of the original position of the rig. Hurricane-force wind gusts were reported to the east of the centre across parts of Kentucky, Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania with significant wind damage including structural damage to buildings and trees. [111] High winds up to 78 km/h (48 mph) caused, at their worst, over 25,000 households to lose electricity in Montreal, Laval, Estrie and Montérégie[112] and when it reached the Magdalen Islands, it had enough strength to cause a sailboat, the Océan, to sink. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale defines a Category 2 hurricane as one with winds between 96-110 mph and a storm surge six to eight feet above normal. [37] More than one million people evacuated in advance of Hurricane Ike, but more than 100,000 people did not. 0 0. aussiebrat. News", "Oil tanker rights itself after taking on water off Galveston", "Tanker's double hull prevented major spill off Galveston", "Environmental damage widespread after Ike", USGS Coastal Change Hazards: Hurricanes and Extreme Storms – Hurricane Ike, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Ike&oldid=990555295, 2008 natural disasters in the United States, Hurricanes in the Turks and Caicos Islands, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from May 2017, Articles with dead external links from April 2017, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with deprecated sources from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 04:23. For example, The Christian Science Monitor reported in December 2008 that the University of Texas Medical Branch, the largest employer in Galveston, was cutting 3,800 jobs. [34] Later, the mandatory evacuation order was extended to the entire island of Galveston, as well as low-lying areas around Houston, Texas. The proposal has gained widespread support from a variety of business interests. Although Seawall Boulevard is elevated above the shoreline, many areas of town slope down behind the seawall to the lower elevation of Galveston Island. [15] At 06:00 UTC on September 4, Ike peaked with maximum sustained winds of 145 miles per hour (233 kilometers per hour) and a minimum barometric pressure of 935 millibars (27.6 inches of mercury), making the storm a Category 4 on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale. [94] Additionally, a state of emergency was declared in Ohio. [citation needed], In regional Texas towns, electrical power began failing on September 12 before 8 pm CDT,[41] A group of 260 Chinese construction workers stuck on Middle Caicos after the passage of Hurricane Hanna were evacuated by the British Red Cross. Before Hurricane Harvey, the last major hurricane to hit Texas was Hurricane Ike, a devastating storm that killed over 80 people and caused billions of dollars in damage. [1][26][46] There was also significant structural damage to roofs and buildings containing health services resulting in the disruption of most health services. Power was lost throughout Grand Turk Island, an estimated 80%–95% of the houses there were damaged, 20% of which was a total loss. It was replaced with Isaias for the 2014 season. [1][49] Haitian Prime Minister Michèle Pierre-Louis called for help at the end of the week, saying that four storms in three weeks have left over 550 dead and as many as one million homeless. [116], Due to the damage brought by Ike in the Turks and Caicos Islands, the insular government declared the islands of Grand Turk and South Caicos as disaster areas. Ike left Bolivar Penninsula completely changed. [1], About 2.6 million Cubans, a fourth of the population, were evacuated ahead of Ike. [98] Many homes and business were without power for 3–7 days. Winds 252km/h+ Serious damage to buildings, severe flooding further inland. The British HMS Iron Duke (F234) was sent to the islands to assist in recovery efforts, and personnel from the British Red Cross were also dispatched. [1] As a result of the high wind and eyewall that passed directly through the city, power outages were a major problem. [2][1] Over 300,000 houses were damaged, with an estimated 43,000 a total loss. Hurricane Ike made landfall on Sept. 13, 2008, becoming the third most costly Atlantic hurricane in history at the time. Houston Cancels First Day of School as Hurricane Harvey Moves Closer. Its six passengers were rescued by a helicopter of the Canadian Coast Guard. [127] Ike also forced the postponement of a Texas Longhorns game in Austin,[128] Texas due to increased evacuee traffic in the city's shelters. During the days both before and after the storm, companies, and residents reported around 448 releases of gas, oil and other substances into the environment in Louisiana and Texas. Ohio was hit extremely hard by the storm. In Galveston, by 4 pm CDT (2100 UTC) on September 12, the rising storm surge began overtopping the 17-ft (5.2 m) Galveston Seawall, which faces the Gulf of Mexico;[41] waves had been crashing along the seawall earlier, from 9 am CDT. As a result of these shut-ins, US oil production dropped from 5 million barrels per day (790,000 cubic meters per day) to 4 Mbbl/d (640,000 m3/d) in the immediate aftermath of the hurricane. Bridge City mayor Kirk Roccaforte estimated that only about 14 homes (later updated to around two dozen) in the city were unaffected by the surge.[89].

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