[41], This article is about the tropical plant. In those countries it is often used to make the beverage of the same name (or agua de tamarindo). To certain Burmese, the tree represents the dwelling-place of the rain god and some hold the belief that the tree raises the temperature in its immediate vicinity. Such trees in these directions attract negative energy more easily. The European supply has come largely from Calcutta, Egypt and the Greater Antilles. Even dry flowers are considered bad luck. Bark from young trees yields a low-quality fiber used for twine and string. The pods may be cinnamon-brown or grayish-brown externally and, at first, are tender-skinned with green, highly acid flesh and soft, whitish, under-developed seeds. Tamarind's natural acidity makes it a great marinade for meat, because the acid can break down and tenderize tougher cuts. The more agile ones would climb up the tree and shake the branches as we held up our skirts to catch the pods as they fell. In Arabia, it is found growing wild in Oman, especially Dhofar, where it grows on the sea-facing slopes of mountains. In Mayaguez, street vendors sell cones of shaved ice saturated with tamarind sirup. It’s rare to find a kitchen without this spice today, but in the ancient world, pepper was rare and valuable enough to be used as a form of currency. Remember, too much tamarind is extremely bad for the health as well as for the look of your teeth. A little goes a long way. The foliage is a common mulch for tobacco plantings. In fact, according to a study done by the Department of Agriculture, on a gram-per-gram, fresh-weight basis, oregano has four times more antioxidants than blueberries. Some African tribes venerate the tamarind tree as sacred. In all tropical and near-tropical areas, including South Florida, it is grown as a shade and fruit tree, along roadsides and in dooryards and parks. Buds are pink as the four sepals are pink and are lost when the flower blooms. Ascorbic acid content is low except in the peel of young green fruits. The Africans believed that the tamarind tree was sacred. The bark yields the alkaloid, hordenine. The copper alone or in brass reacts with moist carbon dioxide to gain a green coat of copper carbonate. Even so, most people are aware of its many health benefits and it can be found in any good store or supermarket near your home. The tree bears abundantly up to an age of 50-60 years or sometimes longer, then productivity declines, though it may live another 150 years. Plants like tamarind tres respire like other living organisms, using up sugars and oxygen to produce energy and carbon dioxide as a biproduct. Astrologers also recommend removing it if a tamarind tree grows near your house. Lac: The tamarind tree is a host for the lac insect, Kerria lacca, that deposits a resin on the twigs. Dry weather is important during the period of fruit development. In East Timor it is also called sukaer. If it is not seen as a useful byproduct, tamarind growers trim off the resinous twigs and discard them. At night, the leaflets close up. There was a huge tamarind tree in my school yard and we’d pick up the ripe ones that had fallen down from the tree and just snack on it. Therefore, we should abstain from planting these in the house and constructing a house in such areas. The pulp can be used as the base for all sorts of savory dishes and condiments, and is used frequently in Middle Eastern, Mediterranean and Asian cooking. The branches droop from a single, central trunk as the tree matures, and are often pruned in agriculture to optimize tree density and ease of fruit harvest. Therefore, inspected and washed pods are passed through a shell-breaking grater, then fed into stainless steel tanks equipped with agitators. [26] Isolation of the kernel without the thin but tough shell (or testa) is difficult. In northwestern India, the tree grows well but the fruits do not ripen. For the South American monkey, see, "Here's what you can cook with tender tamarind leaves", "Tamarind is the 'sour secret of Syrian cooking'", "Georgian Chicken in Pomegranate and Tamarind Sauce", "Asam or Tamarind tree (Tamarindus indica) on the Shores of Singapore", "Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations", "Effects of dietary tamarind on cholesterol metabolism in laying hens", "Polyphenols from the extract and fraction of, "Investigation into the effects of antioxidant-rich extract of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tamarind&oldid=987212112, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, SEA Hand Book-2009: Published by The Solvent Extractors' Association of India, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 16:58. This sweetmeat is commonly found on the market in Jamaica, Cuba and the Dominican Republic. Tamarind is a tree. Its partially dried fruit is used to make medicine. Tall trees, if present in the East or North-East direction of the house, emanate negative energy. As they mature, the pods fill out somewhat and the juicy, acidulous pulp turns brown or reddish-brown. In Panama, the pulp may be sold in corn husks, palmleaf fiber baskets, or in plastic bags. In 1942, two Indian scientists, T. P. Ghose and S. Krishna, announced that the decorticated kernels contained 46 to 48% of a gel-forming substance.

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